A domain name, such as www.example.com, is an alphanumeric address connected to a specific IP address, serving as the virtual location of your website.
All domains have at least two name servers, such as NS1.EXAMPLE.COM and NS2.EXAMPLE.COM. These servers help translate the alphanumeric address into a numerical IP address that your computer can understand.
When you enter an alphanumeric address like WWW.EXAMPLE.COM, your computer needs to know the corresponding IP address to contact. This process is facilitated by DNS servers. Your request for any information related to the domain name is sent to one of these servers, which, in turn, sends back the appropriate IP address. This system works for websites, mail servers, and any other services based on domain names.
For example, the server at Domain India with the IP address http://192.18x.18x.206 can also be referred to as www.domainindia.org.
Understanding Domain Name Servers
Domain Name Servers (DNS) function like a phone book for the internet. They maintain a directory of domain names and convert them into Internet Protocol (IP) addresses.
This conversion is essential because, while domain names are easy for people to remember, computers and machines access websites using IP addresses.
Information from domain name servers across the internet is collected and stored at the Central Registry. Hosting companies and Internet Service Providers (ISPs) regularly interact with the Central Registry to obtain updated DNS information.