eCommerce Platform with Laravel: Building a Comprehensive Online Store Print

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In today's digital age, eCommerce platforms serve as the cornerstone of the global retail ecosystem. With the surge in online shopping behaviors, crafting a reliable, scalable, and user-friendly online store is more crucial than ever. Laravel, known for its elegance and flexibility, provides the ideal foundation to develop a feature-rich eCommerce platform.


Facilitate a seamless online shopping experience, allowing users to browse, select, purchase, and review products.


High. An eCommerce platform demands integration of several modules, from inventory management to secure payment processing.

Key Features:

  • Product Management: Ability to display products, categorize them, and gather customer reviews.
  • User Cart Functionality: Provide users with a cart to gather desired purchases, wishlist items, and proceed to checkout.
  • Secure Payment Processing: Handle transactions efficiently, supporting multiple payment gateways.
  • User Profile and Order Management: Allow users to manage their profile, view past orders, and track current orders.

1. Project Setup and Initial Configuration:

a. Setting up a New Laravel Project:

Follow the steps in our guide on How to Install Laravel on cPanel Hosting to set up your Laravel project.

b. Database Configuration:

After setting up your Laravel project, navigate to the .env file and configure the database details:


c. Essential Laravel Packages:

For an eCommerce platform, some packages will enhance functionality:

  • Image Handling: Use the Intervention Image package.

composer require intervention/image

  • Shopping Cart Management: Use a package like LaravelShoppingcart.

composer require bumbummen99/shoppingcart

2. Data Structure and Database Setup:

a. Models and Migrations:

To initiate models and their respective migrations:

php artisan make:model Product -m
php artisan make:model Category -m
php artisan make:model Review -m
php artisan make:model Order -m
php artisan make:model OrderItem -m public function up()
Schema::create('products', function (Blueprint $table) {
$table->decimal('price', 8, 2);

b. Establish Relationships:

In the Product model:

public function category()
return $this->belongsTo(Category::class);

In the Category model:

public function products()
return $this->hasMany(Product::class);

Developing an eCommerce platform is a meticulous process, demanding attention to detail in every phase. The foundation lies in setting up a robust environment, which can be achieved by following our guides on Installing Laravel on's cPanel Hosting and Setting up the LAMP Stack with Laravel 10 on VPS.

In subsequent sections of this guide, we would delve deeper into building functionalities such as user registration, product display, cart management, and integrating secure payment gateways. By the culmination, you will possess the roadmap to craft a top-tier eCommerce platform, offering an unparalleled user experience.

3. Product and Category Management:

a. CRUD operations for products and categories:

Controller Creation:

php artisan make:controller ProductController --resource
php artisan make:controller CategoryController --resource In the ProductController, you can set up methods for creating, reading, updating, and deleting products. Here's a basic idea for the store method:

public function store(Request $request)
$product = new Product;
$product->name = $request->name;
$product->description = $request->description;
$product->price = $request->price;
$product->category_id = $request->category_id;

return redirect()->route('products.index');

b. Product image uploading and storage:

First, ensure the Intervention Image package is installed.

In your product creation form, have an input field for images:

<input type="file" name="product_image">

Then, in your store method in ProductController:

use Intervention\Image\Facades\Image;

public function store(Request $request)
// ... (other product details)

if ($request->hasFile('product_image')) {
$image = $request->file('product_image');
$filename = time() . '.' . $image->getClientOriginalExtension();
$location = public_path('images/' . $filename);
Image::make($image)->resize(800, 400)->save($location);

$product->image = $filename;


// ...

Remember to configure your filesystem in config/filesystems.php.

c. Filtering and searching products:

In ProductController, you can set up a method to handle searches:

public function search(Request $request)
$query = $request->input('query');

$products = Product::where('name', 'LIKE', "%$query%")
->orWhere('description', 'LIKE', "%$query%")

return view('products.index', compact('products'));

4. Shopping Cart and Checkout Process:

a. Add/remove products to/from the cart:

Using the LaravelShoppingcart package, adding an item is as simple as:

Cart::add($product->id, $product->name, 1, $product->price);

And to remove an item:


b. View cart with total price calculation:

In a cart view:

@foreach(Cart::content() as $item)
<h4>{{ $item->name }}</h4>
<p>{{ $item->price }}</p>

<p>Total: {{ Cart::total() }}</p>

c. Multi-step checkout process:

You can create a multi-view process where the user first enters their delivery address, then selects their payment method, and finally reviews the order.

For example, in the CheckoutController:

public function showDeliveryForm()
return view('');

public function processDeliveryForm(Request $request)
// Save delivery info to session or database
return redirect()->route('checkout.payment');

public function showPaymentForm()
return view('checkout.payment');

public function processPaymentForm(Request $request)
// Process payment info
return redirect()->route('');

public function reviewOrder()
return view('');

Each view (, checkout.payment, and corresponds to a step in the checkout process.

Building an eCommerce platform is complex, requiring a thorough understanding of user interactions and seamless integrations. This guide provides a foundational approach, but real-world scenarios will often require additional features, considerations, and optimizations. Always prioritize user experience and security, especially when dealing with personal data and transactions.

5. Payment Gateway Integration:

a. Research and choose a payment gateway:

While there are multiple payment gateways available, choose one based on:

  • Supported countries and currencies.
  • Transaction fees.
  • Integration support and developer-friendly API.
  • Features like subscription billing, saved cards, etc.

For this guide, let's consider Stripe due to its comprehensive documentation and Laravel compatibility.

b. Integrate the chosen payment gateway:

First, install the Stripe PHP SDK:

composer require stripe/stripe-php

In your .env file, add your Stripe keys:


Process payments. Here's a basic idea for processing a charge:


$charge = \Stripe\Charge::create([
'amount' => Cart::total() * 100, // Convert amount to cents for Stripe
'currency' => 'usd',
'source' => $request->stripeToken,
'description' => 'Order for ' . auth()->user()->email,

c. Implement secure transaction handling and error management:

When dealing with payments, always ensure the transaction is secure and handle any potential errors:

  1. Use HTTPS for any page collecting payment information.
  2. Avoid storing sensitive data like card numbers; Stripe provides tokens to handle payments without direct access to card information.
  3. Handle Stripe exceptions for issues like declined cards:

try {
// Stripe payment process
} catch(\Stripe\Exception\CardException $e) {
// Card was declined.
$body = $e->getJsonBody();
$err = $body['error'];
session()->flash('error', $err['message']);
return back();

6. User Management and Authentication:

a. Register and log in users:

Laravel offers built-in solutions for registration and authentication:

composer require laravel/ui
php artisan ui bootstrap --auth

This provides basic scaffolding for registration, login, and password reset views.

b. Reset forgotten passwords and email verification:

The --auth command also generates routes and views for password reset. Configure your mail settings in the .env file to send password reset emails.

To enforce email verification, ensure the User model implements the MustVerifyEmail contract. Then, in routes/web.php, use the auth and verified middleware:

Route::get('/home', 'HomeController@index')->name('home')->middleware(['auth', 'verified']);

c. Profile management:

For users to view and edit their profile:

  1. Create a ProfileController:

php artisan make:controller ProfileController

  • In the controller, create methods to display and update the user's profile, order history, and delivery tracking.

d. Implement roles for regular users and admin users:

You can use Laravel's built-in gate and policy features or leverage packages like Spatie's Laravel-permission.

  1. Define roles and permissions in your AuthServiceProvider:

    use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Gate;

    public function boot()

    Gate::define('manage-products', function ($user) {
    return $user->hasRole('admin');

Use the gate in controllers or Blade views: if (Gate::allows('manage-products')) {
// The current user can manage products

Or in a middleware:

public function handle($request, Closure $next)
if (! $request->user()->can('manage-products')) {

return $next($request);

Building an eCommerce platform with Laravel is an intricate process. By leveraging Laravel's features and adhering to best practices, you can ensure a robust and user-friendly application. Always keep security and scalability at the forefront, as these are pivotal in the realm of online commerce.

7. Review System:

a. Allow users to post reviews on products:

  1. Migration and Model:

First, ensure you have a reviews table. A migration might look something like:

php artisan make:migration create_reviews_table

Inside the migration:

public function up()
Schema::create('reviews', function (Blueprint $table) {

  1. Post Reviews:

Create a form on the product page to submit a review:

<form action="{{ route('', $product->id) }}" method="post">
<textarea name="comment" required></textarea>
<input type="number" name="rating" min="1" max="5" required>
<button type="submit">Submit Review</button>
</form>Then, in your ReviewController:

public function store(Request $request, Product $product)
'comment' => 'required|max:1000',
'rating' => 'required|integer|min:1|max:5',

$review = new Review($request->all());
$review->user_id = auth()->id();

return back();

b. Display average ratings on product pages:

Using Eloquent relationships, fetching average ratings is straightforward:

$averageRating = $product->reviews()->avg('rating');

Display this on the product page:

<p>Average Rating: {{ $averageRating }}</p>

8. Admin Panel:

a. Dashboard for viewing sales metrics:

  1. Route & Controller:

php artisan make:controller AdminController

Define a route:

Route::get('/admin/dashboard', 'AdminController@dashboard')->middleware('admin');

  1. View Sales Metrics:

In your AdminController:

public function dashboard()
$salesData = Order::all(); // Fetch sales data
return view('admin.dashboard', compact('salesData'));

b. Manage (add/edit/remove) products, categories, and orders:

Leverage Laravel's resource controllers to generate CRUD methods for products, categories, and orders.

php artisan make:controller Admin\ProductController --resource
php artisan make:controller Admin\CategoryController --resource
php artisan make:controller Admin\OrderController --resource

Define routes:

Route::resource('admin/products', 'Admin\ProductController')->middleware('admin');
Route::resource('admin/categories', 'Admin\CategoryController')->middleware('admin');
Route::resource('admin/orders', 'Admin\OrderController')->middleware('admin');

Implement CRUD operations in each controller.

c. Handle refunds and customer queries:

  1. Refunds:

In OrderController:

public function refund(Order $order)
// Implement logic to refund via the payment gateway and update the order status

  1. Customer Queries:

Consider implementing a simple ticketing system where customers can submit queries. This involves creating a model, migration, and CRUD operations similar to the products and reviews.

When building an admin panel and review system in an eCommerce platform, it's essential to ensure robustness and security. Always check user roles and permissions before granting access to administrative functionalities. Properly sanitized and validated inputs, especially in the review system, prevent potential vulnerabilities.

9. Testing and Deployment:

a. Write unit and feature tests:

Testing is crucial for an eCommerce platform to ensure smooth and secure operations.

Unit Tests: These tests focus on small, isolated parts of the application. For instance, you might write unit tests to check if your models return expected data.

php artisan make:test ProductTest --unit

Inside ProductTest:

public function testProductName()
$product = new Product(['name' => 'Sample Product']);
$this->assertEquals('Sample Product', $product->name);

Feature Tests: These tests focus on larger pieces of functionality. For instance, testing the complete process of adding a product to a cart and checking out.

php artisan make:test CheckoutTest

Inside CheckoutTest:

public function testCheckoutProcess()
$response = $this->post('/checkout', ['product_id' => 1]);

b. Use tools like PHPUnit for testing within Laravel:

Laravel ships with PHPUnit out of the box. You can run your tests using the following command:


Make sure to configure your phpunit.xml file to set up a testing environment, typically using a SQLite in-memory database.

c. Deploy the application:

  1. Version Control: Ensure your application is under version control (e.g., Git).

  2. Environment Variables: On your production server, set all the necessary .env variables. Ensure APP_DEBUG is set to false.

  3. Database Migrations: After deploying, run your migrations:

php artisan migrate --force

Optimize: Optimize the application for production:

php artisan config:cache
php artisan route:cache

Continuous Deployment: Tools like Laravel Envoy, Jenkins, or GitHub Actions can automate your deployment process.

10. Post-launch and Maintenance:

a. Regularly update Laravel and its dependencies:

Ensure you get the latest security patches and feature updates:

composer update

Before updating, always read the Laravel upgrade guide relevant to your next version.

b. Monitor website traffic, error logs, and transaction reports:

Website Traffic: Tools like Google Analytics can provide insights into your site’s performance and user behavior.

Error Logs: Laravel provides a logging system. Check the logs regularly, located in the storage/logs directory. Consider using tools like Laravel Telescope for more detailed insights.

Transaction Reports: Monitor transactions to spot any anomalies. Refund requests, chargebacks, or declined payments should be investigated.

c. Implement feedback from users:

  1. Feedback Mechanism: Implement a feedback form or survey on your platform.
  2. Iterate: Use the feedback to improve. Whether it's adding a feature or optimizing UX, user feedback is invaluable.
  3. Security: Always be on the lookout for security improvements. Tools like Laravel Sanctum can further secure your application.

In conclusion, an eCommerce platform's journey doesn't end at launch. Continuous monitoring, testing, and iterating based on feedback ensure the platform remains robust, user-friendly, and secure. With Laravel at its core, maintaining and scaling becomes a streamlined process, allowing you to focus on delivering the best possible user experience.

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