Mastering aaPanel on VPS: Commands, Configurations, and Best Practices Print

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Mastering aaPanel on VPS: Commands, Configurations, and Best Practices

The aaPanel is a versatile web hosting control panel known for its comprehensive yet user-friendly interface. While installing and accessing the aaPanel is the first step, mastering its vast array of commands is where true server management prowess lies. Let's delve into these commands to ensure you maximize the potential of your VPS.

1. Management Essentials with aaPanel Script:

The aaPanel management script is your command center, granting you the ability to control various server operations.

  • Start the Service: service bt start
  • Stop the Service: service bt stop
  • Restart: service bt restart
  • Uninstall aaPanel: For a complete removal: service bt stop && chkconfig --del bt && rm -f /etc/init.d/bt && rm -rf /www/server/panel

2. Customizing and Securing the Control Panel:

Customization and security go hand in hand in ensuring an optimal server experience.

  • View the Current Control Panel Port: cat /www/server/panel/data/
  • Modify the Control Panel Port: Depending on your CentOS version, commands are available to adjust the default port (e.g., 8881).
  • Force a Change to MySQL Manager Password: To ensure database security: cd /www/server/panel && python root 123456
  • Modify Control Panel Login: Bolster your security stance: cd /www/server/panel && python panel 123456
  • Delete Control Panel's Domain Binding: rm -f /www/server/panel/data/domain.conf
  • Lift Login Restrictions: rm -f /www/server/panel/data/*.login
  • Control Panel Authorization IP: Review authorized IPs with cat /www/server/panel/data/limitip.conf and eliminate access restrictions with rm -f /www/server/panel/data/limitip.conf
  • Inspect Control Panel Permission Domains: cat /www/server/panel/data/domain.conf
  • Deactivate Control Panel SSL for Troubleshooting: rm -f /www/server/panel/data/ && /etc/init.d/bt restart
  • Review Logs for Troubleshooting: Check out control panel error logs with cat /tmp/panelBoot and database error logs with cat /www/server/data/*.err.

3. Understanding Directories and Configuration Paths:

Path knowledge aids in quick navigation, backups, and alterations.

  • Web Server Configurations: Nginx at /www/server/panel/vhost/nginx and Apache at /www/server/panel/vhost/apache.
  • Default Site Directory: /www/wwwroot
  • Backup Directories: Store your database backups in /www/backup/database and site backups in /www/backup/site.
  • Site Logs: Easily accessible at /www/wwwlogs.

4. Managing Core Services:

Here's how to effectively manage and configure integral services like Nginx, Apache, MySQL, FTP, PHP, Redis, and Memcached:

  • Nginx: Control the service with start, stop, restart, and reload commands. All configurations reside in /www/server/nginx/conf/nginx.conf.
  • Apache: Harness similar control commands and inspect configurations at /www/server/apache/conf/httpd.conf.
  • MySQL: Beyond the start, stop, restart, and reload commands, configuration details can be found at /etc/my.cnf.
  • FTP: Manage with the provided start, stop, and restart commands, and refer to configurations at /www/server/pure-ftpd/etc/pure-ftpd.
  • PHP: Depending on your version, utilize specific commands and adapt configuration paths accordingly.
  • Redis: Command the service using start and stop, and modify configurations via /www/server/redis/redis.conf.
  • Memcached: Efficiently manage using the given commands.


By understanding and implementing the commands and best practices highlighted in this guide, you're poised to achieve unmatched server management competency with aaPanel on VPS. Should you encounter any complexities, remember,'s expert support is just a click away, and you can always refer to or for in-depth assistance.

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